Author name: vriba_admn

GPT-4o: A Promising Yet Familiar Evolution

Impressive Speech Synthesis: The quality of speech synthesis in GPT-4o is outstanding, reminiscent of Google Duplex, albeit with a more successful execution.

Where’s GPT-5? If Open AI had developed GPT-5, they would have showcased it by now. After 14 months of effort, it seems GPT-5 is still out of reach. OpenAI may be focusing on new features because they are struggling to achieve the exponential improvements expected. The lack of a GPT-5 level model from OpenAI or its competitors suggests we might be experiencing diminishing returns in AI development.

Incremental Upgrades: The key takeaway from the blog post is highlighted in the figure below. It reveals that GPT-4o is not significantly different from GPT-4 Turbo, which itself is only a slight improvement over GPT-4.


Cheat Sheet for Best LLMS & Best Prompt Techniques

#1 – Understand the Prompt Patterns

Exciting news ahead! We’ve recognized a need for clarity in prompt engineering. With countless guides out there, it’s easy to get lost in the noise. But fear not! We’re here to streamline your process. While prompt engineering is relatively young, there are emerging standards that withstand the test of time.

Best Practice #1: Pattern Power

Opt for structured patterns like RACE, RTF, CTF, or our very own CREATE formula. These patterns streamline your prompts, ensuring clarity and specificity. For instance, CREATE emphasizes Character, Request, Examples,

Adjustments, Types of Output, and Evaluation.


Addressing AI Hallucinations: Ensuring Reliability in Generative AI

Introduction: Generative AI has ushered in transformative possibilities, but alongside its advancements lie the spectre of AI hallucinations. These hallucinations occur when the AI lacks sufficient context, leading to unreal or incorrect outputs. The consequences can be dire, ranging from misinformation to life-threatening situations.
Research Insights: A recent study evaluating large language models (LLMs) revealed alarming statistics: nearly half of generated texts contained factual errors, while over half exhibited discourse flaws. Logical fallacies and the generation of personally identifiable information (PII) further compounded the issue. Such findings underscore the urgent need to address AI hallucinations.
Initiatives for Addressing Hallucinations: In response to the pressing need for reliability, initiatives like Hugging Face’s Hallucination Leader board have emerged. By ranking LLMs based on their level of hallucinations, these platforms aim to guide researchers and engineers toward more trustworthy models. Moreover, approaches such as mitigation and detection are crucial in tackling hallucinations.
Mitigation Strategies: Mitigation strategies focus on minimizing the occurrence of hallucinations. Techniques include prompt engineering, Retrieval-Augmented Generation (RAG), and architectural improvements. For example, RAG offers enhanced data privacy and reduced hallucination levels, demonstrating promising avenues for improvement.
Detection Methods: Detecting hallucinations is equally vital for ensuring AI reliability. Benchmark datasets like HADES and tools like Neural PathHunter (NPH) enable the identification and refinement of hallucinations. HaluEval, a benchmark for evaluating LLM performance, provides valuable insights into the efficacy of detection methods.

Implications and Future Directions: Addressing AI hallucinations is not merely a technical challenge but a critical step toward fostering trust in AI applications. As businesses increasingly rely on AI for decision-making, the need for reliable, error-free outputs becomes paramount. Ongoing research and development efforts are essential to advance the field and uphold AI responsibility.
Conclusion: In the quest for AI innovation, addressing hallucinations is a fundamental imperative. By implementing mitigation and detection strategies and leveraging emerging technologies, we can pave the way for more reliable and trustworthy AI systems. Ultimately, this journey toward AI reliability holds the key to unlocking the full potential of Generative AI for the benefit of businesses and society.

Enhancing Efficiency and Reducing Costs in Retrieval-Augmented Generation Systems


Retrieval-Augmented Generation (RAG) systems merge generative models with extensive knowledge repositories to produce accurate outputs. However, their increasing complexity escalates operational costs. Researchers are delving into strategies like prompt compression to optimize RAG systems without compromising performance.

Understanding RAG Systems:

RAG systems retrieve data from databases and generate outputs. They employ a multi-tiered approach, initially using inexpensive methods to narrow the search space and then more sophisticated methods for precise answers.

The Role of Prompt Compression:

Prompt compression reduces prompt length without losing crucial information, potentially decreasing computational load and costs. Initial tests with a reduce ratio of 0.5 maintain RAG performance, indicating feasibility for further compression.

Evaluating RAG Performance:

Metrics and methodologies, like the Parent Document Retriever chain, assess how prompt compression influences relevant document retrieval. Adjusting retriever parameters affects precision and relevance, impacting answer accuracy.

Real-World Implications:

Reducing RAG costs has significant implications, especially in applications requiring current information from large datasets, such as medical diagnosis assistants. Prompt compression can make such systems financially viable.

Challenges and Mastery in Prompt Engineering:

Effective prompt engineering demands a deep understanding of language nuances and AI behavior. Mastery in prompt engineering is essential for optimizing RAG systems efficiently.


Prompt compression presents a viable avenue for reducing RAG operational costs by up to 90%. Crafted prompts maintain essential information while reducing length, enabling efficient performance at a fraction of the cost. This advancement not only enhances the sustainability of large-scale AI systems but also broadens their applicability.


“Retrieval-Augmented Generation 1: Basics.” – Huggingface.

“How to Cut RAG Costs by 80% Using Prompt Compression.” – Towards Data Science.

“Optimizing GenAI: Comparing Model Training, Fine-Tuning, RAG, and Prompt Engineering.” – Medium.

“Evaluating RAG Pipelines Using LangChain and Ragas.” – Deci AI.

Testing: Top Five Multilingual Embedding Models

The crux of the testing – revolves around the pivotal role of embedding, which may vary in efficacy depending on the language under consideration, thereby necessitating a tailored approach to maximize performance.
The quest for optimal text embedding revolves around two main types: static and dynamic.

In our analysis, we’ll scrutinize the top five multilingual embedding models from the MTEB Leader board against a baseline model.
Cohere Embed Multilingual v3.0 & Light v3.0: Cohere provides a proprietary embedding model accessible via API at $0.10/1M tokens, matching ada-002’s price. It offers document ranking during retrieval based on query-document topic matching and implements compression-aware training for efficient storage. The light version has an embedding dimension of 384.

intfloat/multilingual-e5-large: Trained using weak supervision in a contrastive manner with the CCPair dataset, sourced from diverse platforms. The model allows reducing embedding dimensions for memory and storage efficiency.

text-embedding-3-large: OpenAI’s high-performing model with adjustable embedding dimensions, boasting multilingual proficiency exceeding ada-002. It introduces flexibility in reducing dimensions for memory optimization.

sentence-transformers/paraphrase-multilingual-MiniLM-L12-v2: Based on SBERT architecture, this model employs a triple network structure for training. It utilizes anchor, positive, and negative examples to optimize embedding.

Generating QA Pairs: European Semester Country Reports for France and Italy serve as unbiased documents for question generation. GPT-3.5-turbo generates questions from context, translated into Italian and French for linguistic parity.

Evaluation Metrics:

Top 5 document retrieval assessed using Hit Rate and MRR. The newest OpenAI model excels, followed by Cohere’s proprietary system. text-embedding-3-large, with reduced dimensions, performs impressively. ada-002 lags behind the latest OpenAI model, indicating significant improvements. intfloat/multilingual-e5-large leads among open-source models.


Customized evaluation enhances retrieval efficacy, considering varied model performance across languages. Personalized evaluation using proprietary documents is crucial for model selection.

Using a Multimodal Embedding Model to Summarize Images & Embed Text Summaries

Our goal is to enable generative AI models to seamlessly handle combinations of text, images, videos, audio, and more.

Let’s explore our second method in this segment:

  • Use a multimodal LLM to summarize images, pass summaries and text data to a text embedding model such as OpenAI’s “text-embedding-3-small”

To simplify multimodal retrieval and RAG, consider converting all data to text. This involves using a text embedding model to unify data in one vector space. Summarizing non-text data incurs extra cost, either through manual efforts or with LLMs.

Sharing Vriba Implemented use cases below for “text-embedding-3-small” Multimodal Embedding Model-

  • E-commerce Search
  • Content Management Systems
  • Visual Question Answering (VQA)
  • Social Media Content Retrieval

Vriba Review for the “text-embedding-3-small”” Multimodal Embedding Model:

OpenAI’s text-gen-3-small model has surpassed text-embedding-ada-002 in performance. Transitioning to 3- small should enhance semantic search. For large content volumes, text-embedding-3-small, at 5x lower cost, provides substantial savings.

To explore further insights on AI Multimodal Embedding modals & AI latest trends please visit & subscribe to our website: Vriba Blog

Using a Multimodal Embedding Model for Images and Text

Multimodal AI is anticipated to lead the next phase of AI development, with projections indicating its mainstream adoption by 2024. Unlike traditional AI systems limited to processing a single data type, multimodal models aim to mimic human perception by integrating various sensory inputs.

This approach acknowledges the multifaceted nature of the world, where humans interact with diverse data types simultaneously. Ultimately, the goal is to enable generative AI models to seamlessly handle combinations of text, images, videos, audio, and more.

Two methods for retrieval are explored:

  1. Use a multimodal embedding model to embed both text and images.
  2. Use a multimodal LLM to summarize images, pass summaries and text data to a text embedding model such as OpenAI’s “text-embedding-3-small”

Sharing use cases for method 1 mentioned above:

Use Cases Implementation Utilizing Multimodal Embedding Model:

E-commerce Search: Users can search for products using both text descriptions and images, enabling more accurate and intuitive searches.

Content Management Systems: Facilitates searching and categorizing multimedia content such as articles, images, and videos within a database.

Visual Question Answering (VQA): Enables systems to understand and respond to questions involving images by embedding both textual questions and visual content into the same vector space.

Social Media Content Retrieval: Enhances the search experience by allowing users to find relevant posts based on text descriptions and associated images.

Multimodal Retrieval for RAG

Architecture of text and image summaries being embedded by text embedding model

Here are 5 digital transformation trends to look out for in 2024

With a USD 4000+billion market forecast by 2030, digital transformation is no longer optional. Businesses are diving headfirst, doubling down on tech to stay ahead of the curve.

Time to double down on your DX strategies or get left behind!

Here are 5 digital transformation trends to look out for in 2024:

1️⃣ Generative AI: Generative AI is evolving, and by 2026, 80% of enterprises will rock GenAI-enabled applications, driving personalized marketing and creative content.

2️⃣ Cloud Services: Cloud services are soaring, offering agility, security, and a platform to launch your digital rockets. More than 50% of enterprises are set to embrace industry cloud platforms by 2027.

3️⃣ Data Analytics: Big data analytics is the game-changer. It’s not just about data; it’s about turning it into actionable insights. Expect a surge in data analytics services to reshape strategies, boost efficiency, and delight customers.

4️⃣ IoT (Internet of Things): IoT isn’t just a buzzword. By 2025, the IoT sensors market is slated to hit around 43 billion, bringing efficiency across industries, from retail to healthcare and manufacturing.

5️⃣ Quantum computing: It’s like the superhero version of regular computers, thanks to its quantum bits (qubits) that handle tough tasks faster. They are set to revolutionize industries like drug discovery, materials science, financial modeling, and AI by 2024.

How are you going to upgrade your business in 2024?

Mastering ITSM Implementation and Optimization: A Comprehensive Guide for Modern Organizations

Mastering ITSM Implementation and Optimization: A Comprehensive Guide for Modern Organizations


Welcome to our latest blog post where we delve into the world of IT Service Management (ITSM) – a critical component for modern businesses seeking efficiency and effectiveness in their IT operations. As organizations constantly evolve, the need for streamlined IT services becomes ever more paramount. This guide aims to provide you with actionable insights on implementing and optimizing ITSM practices to achieve peak performance.

Section 1: Understanding ITSM

  • Definition and importance of ITSM in the modern IT landscape.
  • The evolution of ITSM from traditional IT to a more strategic, service-oriented approach.
  • Key components and objectives of effective ITSM.

Section 2: ITSM Implementation Strategies

  • Steps to successful ITSM implementation: Assessing current IT capabilities, defining objectives, selecting the right ITSM tools, and training staff.
  • Importance of aligning ITSM with business goals.
  • Common challenges and how to overcome them.

Section 3: ITSM Optimization Techniques

  • Continual service improvement: adopting a cycle of ongoing improvement.
  • Leveraging analytics and AI for predictive insights and proactive management.
  • Integration with other business processes and systems for a holistic approach.

Section 4: Case Studies and Best Practices

  • Real-world examples of successful ITSM implementations.
  • Lessons learned and best practices from industry leaders.


ITIL vs ITSM: Overview

Aspects ITIL (Information Technology Infrastructure Library) ITSM (Information Technology Service Management)
Definition  The ITIL framework offers policies and procedures that can combine the basic IT services of a company. The management of various IT services is referred to as ITSM.
Focus ITIL is micro-focused on IT within the enterprise. ITSM is macro-focused on the business.
Purpose End-to-end product and service management. Structured project management can be applied to any business.

Section 5: The Future of ITSM

  • Emerging trends in ITSM (like AI, machine learning, and automation).
  • Preparing for the future: how organizations can stay ahead in their ITSM journey.


Implementing and optimizing ITSM is not just about technology; it’s about aligning IT services with business needs and constantly adapting to new challenges. By following the strategies and best practices outlined in this guide, organizations can ensure they are well-equipped to handle the ever-evolving IT landscape.

Please share your experiences, challenges, and successes in ITSM implementation and optimization.

Exploring the New Frontiers of AI: Gemini Meets ChatGPT 4




Exploring the New Frontiers of AI: Gemini meets ChatGPT 4

Have you heard about the latest developments in the AI world?

There’s a buzz about Gemini, a new AI tool that’s joining forces with Google’s Bard, and it’s stirring up the competition with ChatGPT 4.o

So, what’s the deal with Gemini and ChatGPT? Let’s dive in!

  Criteria ChatGPT Gemini
Sr.No. Pros
1 Natural Language Understanding Strong natural language processing capabilities. Advanced natural language understanding.
2 Versatility Can be used for various text-based tasks and applications. Tailored for creating synthetic data for AI training.
3 Training Data Trained on a diverse range of internet text. Trained on financial data and market information.
4 Scale GPT-3.5 architecture provides a large model for complex tasks. Gemini leverages OpenAI’s GPT-3.5 architecture.
5 Language Support Supports multiple languages. Primarily English language support.
6 Use Cases Ideal for content generation, text completion, and conversation. Specifically designed for generating synthetic data.
7 Customization Limited customization options. Customizable for specific data generation needs.
8 Integration API access allows integration into various applications. API-based integration for seamless adoption.
Sr.No. Cons
1 Cost Usage can become expensive for high volumes. Costs associated with API usage may vary for large-scale needs.
2 Specificity May generate responses that are contextually accurate but not always specific. Primarily focused on data generation, limiting other applications.
3 Domain Expertise May lack specialized domain knowledge. Tailored for financial and market-related data.
4 Fine-tuning Limited fine-tuning options are available. Fine-tuning capabilities for specific use cases may be limited.
5 Real-time Interaction Not designed for real-time, highly dynamic interactions. Real-time applications might be limited due to API latency.
6 Learning Curve May require some experimentation to achieve desired outputs. Learning curve associated with understanding data generation needs.


The Verdict:

Each AI tool has its unique strengths. Gemini is more accessible and blends seamlessly with certain Google services, ideal for general use. ChatGPT 4, on the other hand, excels in detailed research and information sourcing, making it a go-to for users who need in-depth information and web browsing capabilities.

Your Turn:

What’s your take on Gemini and ChatGPT 4? Which one aligns with your needs? The AI landscape is evolving rapidly, and these tools are just the beginning. Share your thoughts, and let’s keep the conversation going about the exciting future of AI!

🚀 Stay Updated:

For more insights into the dynamic world of AI, follow me! And don’t forget to share this post – let’s bring everyone into the loop about Gemini and the latest AI advancements!

#VribaBlogs #AIRevolution #GeminiVsChatGPT #FutureOfAI
Scroll to Top